Dehydration Can Cause Frequent Headaches

What are electrolytes and why do sports nutrition experts recommend them for athletes? Are they some kind of super energy source? Why is a sports drink containing electrolytes any better than plain water? To best address these questions, it will be helpful have an understanding of the function of electrolytes in the human body.

When mineral salts dissolve in water they break up into electrically charged particles, or ions. These are what we refer to as electrolytes. In the human body some of the most important of these are sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium and chloride. These electrolytes have several important functions. They are vital for maintaining fluid balance in the body. They help regulate the balance of water within and between body cells. Total body hydration and acid-base balance are dependent on proper fluid and electrolyte balance.

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